Udaipur : Dairy industry have been flourishing in countries like Denmark, Australia etc for the availability of technology and devices that ensures the success rate of Artificial Insemination (AI) in cattle. However, in India, mandatory equipments like digitally operated AI gun is much expensive and thus beyond reach of the AI workers. Now, Amit Sharma, a government veterinary officer at Banswara has developed a new device ‘DAIS’ a substitute to the expensive AI gun, equally efficient and comparatively cheaper. The price rate of AI gun costs around 1 lack to 1.5 lack rupees but the price of DAIS is about 1500-2000 rupees only.
Artificial Insemination is the method that holds the potential of economic and rapid dissemination of elite male genetic material to a large number of females in a short duration of time over a large geographical area. During AI, the semen is introduced into the female reproductive tract (cervix or uterus) by mechanical method with the aid of AI gun under hygienic conditions. However, success of AI technology depends largely upon accurate insemination. “The failure to deposit semen in right position is a common constraint of artificial insemination (AI) programs and a major limiting factor of reproductive performance by AI workers” Dr. Amit Sharma told Udaipur Kiran.
Due to inexperience, mostly AI workers deposit semen outside the cervix which reduced the success ratio of it. To overcome these kind of problems, Sharma developed DAIS. It is an equipment by which AI worker can observe the external opening of cervix. It helps the AI workers to deposit semen in right position which helps in improve the success rate of artificial insemination. Sharma is working on improvising the device for better results. The device has been tested successfully on many animals by the animal husbandry team. “ The new device is economical as well as useful in improving the efficiency of AI technique. Internal examination of the reproductive tract is possible and it also helps in proper detection of heat among the animals” Dr. Bhupendra Bharadwaj, Deputy Director of Regional Disease Diagnostic Center of the animal husbandry department, Udaipur said. National project for cattle and buffalo breeding (NPCBB) is one of the most important project of Department of Animal Husbandry which main objective is of bringing about genetic up gradation of cattle and buffalo by Artificial Insemination (AI).