Udaipur : Ayad river, after being subjected to years of severe pollution and encroachments, is almost vanishing into obscurity. But now, thanks to the initiative of the administration, steps are being taken to resuscitate it. At the behest of the Home Minister Gulab Chand Kataria, who instructed the administration to take up the revival of the historical river in a phased manner, authorities made a site visit on Sunday to undertake the assigned task. Collector BishnuCharan Malick, ADM city SubashChandra Sharma , ADM CR Devasi, UMC commissioner Sidharth Sihag, UIT secretary RamNivas Mehta and others made a site inspection and discussed on the blocks that would be taken up for rejuvenation step by step. In the first phase cleaning of weeds and diversion of the drains that are falling and polluting the river will be taken up.
Ayad or Ahar river is a tributary of Bedach river which flows through the heart of Udaipur city. Ayad is also the site of 3000 BCE to 1500 BCE chalcolithic archaeological culture. It is one of the oldest river in the history of Mewar but due to continuous anthropogenic interference, today it is much polluted. It carries all domestic waste water from urban housing and settlement and industrial waste water from industrial pockets of Udaipur. Presently, the historical river is serving as a drainage body taking the spillage water from Fatehsagar Lake. As per a report from water scientist Anil Mehta, Ahar River receives 100-150 MLD of wastewater (domestic and industrial) and ultimately meets Udaisagar Lake which is the final recipient. The untreated wastewater into the water bodies has caused a negative impact resulting in negligible dissolved oxygen, foul odour, presence of faecal coliforms and Eutrophication in the water bodies. “ The authorities are focusing on the beautification aspect while the actual need is to transform it into a ‘river ecosystem’ instead of a good looking Nullah. They should develop a forest green strip at along the river side so that birds and aquatic life can thrive in the system” Mehta said. “ The plans for resuscitation of the river have been going on for many years and lakhs of rupees have been spent. We only hope this time something really works out. Authorities should take stringent action against units that flush out their wastes into the river. Similarly polythene and plastics should be stopped from flowing in here” said TejShankar Paliwal, a member of the lakes development authority.
Berach the main tributary of river Banas rises originates from the Girwa ranges of Aravalli situated to the north of Udaipur City. It is called Ayad river from its fountainhead through Bedla up to Udai Sagar Lake, in which it falls. It is the principal river of the Udaipur basin. Beyond Udai Sagar up to Dabok village, the river passes through a distance of about 75.5 km and is named as Udai Sagar ka nala. Afterwards known as Berach it runs for another 70 km towards the northeast and finally merges into river Banas, near Bigod in the Bhilwara district, which is a tributary of Chambal river; Chambal again is a tributary of river Yamuna, and Yamuna is the principal tributary of the holy river Ganga. Near the town of Chittorgarh, it receives the water of Gambhiri river, then it turns northeast, and after flowing for about 190 km, it joins river Banas at the place acclaimed as Triveni Sangam near the village Bigod.