Thursday , October 21 2021

Cardamom Cultivation

The area under Cardamom cultivation along with the annual production in the country during each of the last three years and the current year, State/UT-wise, is at Annexure-I.

Directorate of Arecanut & Spices Development (DASD) has reported that the Cardamom plantation sector has been affected due to the outbreak of COVID 19 and consequent lockdown and restrictions imposed to contain the spread of the pandemic. The major issues faced by the sector were the non- availability of migrant labourers, and marketing facilities including logistics due to the restrictions in movement coupled with the decline in the commercial activities across the globe. As the restrictions are relaxed by the Government the situation is coming back to normal.


In order to support the Cardamom farmers for selling their produce, the Spices Board India under Commerce Ministry has initiated steps and restarted the e-auction for cardamom by following the covid protocol. The Board has formulated standard operational procedures (SOP) for the small and large Cardamom sectors covering all aspects from production to marketing, to ensure the safety of stakeholders.


The Spices Board has released an advisory on the diligent use of pesticides and practicing the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) for the cardamom farmers. In view of the COVID situation, social media group of farmers were created for online dissemination of information on scientific cultivation practices and other cultural operations. Online webinars are being conducted at the field level to help the farmers and to address the issues in the sector.


DASD has reported that the Spices Board is implementing two schemes viz., for Small Cardamom and Large Cardamom.  In the Small Cardamom scheme, assistance is provided for Re-planting (upto 8 Hectare) Irrigation and Land Development, Improved Cardamom Curing Devices, Supply of kits, Bee-keeping Boxes, Mechanization and Extension Advisory Services.


Under the Large Cardamom scheme, assistance is provided for Re-plantation of large Cardamom plantations, New planting, Production of Quality Planning Material, Curing, Supply of Vermi Compost Unit, Mechanization and Quality improved training programmes, Extension Advisory Services, etc.  The year-wise details of assistance provided under both the schemes as reported by Spices Board are at Annexure-II.


The DASD has reported that Cardamom production in the country has declined in 2018-19 and 2019-20 due to the unprecedented flood and subsequent prolonged dry spell experienced in the major Cardamom growing regions in the country, especially in the States of Kerala and Karnataka.  Idukki, Wayanad, Palakkad and Kottayam Districts of Kerala and Kodagu, Hassan, Madigeri, Chickmagalure, Shimoga Districts of Karnataka were among the worst affected districts.


Further, Cardamom is a highly climate sensitive and location specific crop. Pest and disease incidence is also very high in Cardamom. Cardamom is grown mainly in high altitude areas and hence the scope for area expansion is limited.


DASD has reported that the Spices Board is encouraging farmers for area expansion of Cardamom in non-traditional areas. Large Cardamom has been cultivated in non-traditional areas like Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur with much more efforts of the Board. New extension offices have been opened in North-East to assist the farmers. More emphasis is given to produce certified Cardamom seedling in flood affected areas of Cardamom belt of Karnataka. Rejuvenation scheme is implemented in the flood affected Cardamom growing areas of Kerala and Karnataka.


It is further reported that every year, the Spices Board is giving award with cash prize (Rs 1 lakh for first prize and Rs 50000 for second prize) and citation to the best Cardamom farmers to encourage the farmers in the field. Last year the Large Cardamom productivity award was won by a lady farmer from the border district of Arunachal Pradesh. Due to the efforts by the Spices Board for area expansion in NE region, large areas in the border district of Arunachal Pradesh has been brought under Large Cardamom cultivation.

This information was given in a written reply by the Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Narendra Singh Tomar in Lok Sabha yesterday.


State-wise Area and Production of Cardamom


A: Area in ‘000 Ha
P: Production in ‘000 Tonnes
Sl. No. STATES 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20                          (3rd Adv.Est.)
1 KERALA 38.00 18.00 39.08 18.35 38.88 11.54 39.70 10.08
2 SIKKIM 18.00 5.00 18.00 5.00 21.80 5.23 23.31 4.78
3 NAGALAND 4.05 2.02 3.62 2.02 4.09 2.30 4.09 2.31
4 ARUNACHAL PRADESH 7.41 1.87 10.91 1.61
5 WEST BENGAL 2.96 0.76 2.96 0.76 3.31 1.07 3.31 1.09
6 TAMIL NADU 4.01 0.35 3.86 0.35 3.82 0.35 3.79 0.35
7 KARNATAKA 17.66 1.53 16.68 1.76 1.80 0.21 1.77 0.21
8 MANIPUR 0.15 0.0043
TOTAL 84.68 27.66 84.20 28.24 81.11 22.57 87.02 20.42






Financial Assistance provided by Spices Board under Small and Large Cardamom Schemes


Small Cardamom (Kerala, Karnataka & Tamil Nadu)

Year  Subsidy disbursed  (Rs. in lakh) Total number of farmers benefited
2017-18 123.54 964
2018-19 321.37 2327
2019-20 628.93 4353
Total 1073.84 7644

Large Cardamom (Sikkim, West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland & Manipur)


Year  Subsidy disbursed (Rs. In lakh) Total number of farmers benefited
2017-18 173.750 2746
2018-19 431.940 6011
2019-20 655.259 6619
Total 1260.949 15376


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