The theme focuses on that there is a need to take big and small steps in solidarity with refugees from around the world.This day provides an opportunity to show globally that we all are with refugees.
Millions of people are forced to move from their homes every year to keep safe from war, persecution or natural disaster. According to United Nation (UN) every minute, around 25 people have to leave everything in search for better and safer life. The British Red Cross latest figures suggest that there are almost 120,000 refugees living in the UK. In 2018, UN suggested that, the UK offered protection to approx 15,891 people. And of all these more than two in five were children.
Refugees are the people who have to leave their homes due to war or violence. They always have a fear of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership in a particular social group. The main reason for the refugee to leave their homes are war, ethnic, tribal and religious. It is also seen that two-thirds of all refugees from the whole world come from just five countries namely Syria, Afghanistan, South Sudan, Myanmar and Somalia.
Word refugee comes from refuge which means “the state of being sheltered from pursuit, danger or difficulty”. The global definition of refugees was recognised in the Geneva Convention.
To celebrate World Refugee was declared by the United nations General Assembly in the Resolution 55/76 on 4th December, 2000. The 2001 celebration of World Refugee Day was marked as the 50th anniversary of 1951 Convention Refugees status by the United Nations General Assembly.
The main aim to celebrate this day is to increase awareness among the people by sharing the experiences of refugees and their stories. It also reminds people about the failures of an international community or home conflicts due to which people are forced to leave their homes.
Almost two thirds of those uprooted from their homes are internally displaced people who have not left their homelands. About 80 percent of these refugees live in countries neighbouring their country of origin. On an average, one person is forcibly displaced every two seconds as a result of conflict or persecution and refugees are among the most vulnerable people in the world.