As per WHO, around 210 million people worldwide suffer from COPD. Life with COPD can be difficult. It’s a progressive condition, which means there is currently no cure, and everyday tasks can become a challenge.
It causes chronic obstruction of the flow of air through the airways and out of the lungs. It includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Inhalation of smoke for a long period gradually cause inflammation in the lungs leading to bronchitis. Smoke damages to the walls of the air sacs in the lungs and causes emphysema.
Some symptoms of COPD are: Chronic cough that produce mucus, shortness of breath, especially during physical activities, wheezing, chest tightness, choked throat in the morning due to excess mucus in lungs, blueness of the lips or fingernail beds (cyanosis), frequent respiratory infections, lack of energy, unintended weight loss (in later stages).
The ways to prevent it include of: Do not smoke, avoid exposure to second-hand smoke, avoid using biomass for cooking, avoid exposure dust, do not go to the polluted areas, practice Deep breathing exercises.
With proper management, most people with COPD can achieve good symptom control and quality of life, reducing the risk of other associated conditions.