The Australian government on Friday proposed a new cybersecurity law to force global technology companies such as Facebook and Google to help police by unscrambling encrypted messages sent by suspected extremists and other criminals.
But some experts, as well as Facebook, warned that weakening end-to-end encryption services so that police could eavesdrop would leave the companies vulnerable to hackers.
The new law would be modeled on Britain’s Investigatory Powers Act, which was passed by the British Parliament in November and gave intelligence agencies some of the most extensive surveillance powers in the Western world, the government said.
The Australian bill that would allow courts to order tech companies to quickly unlock communications will be introduced to Parliament by November, officials said.
Under the law, internet companies would have the same obligations telephone companies do to help law enforcement agencies, Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull said. Law enforcement agencies would need warrants to access the communications.
“We’ve got a real problem in that the law enforcement agencies are increasingly unable to find out what terrorists and drug traffickers and pedophile rings are up to because of the very high levels of encryption,” Turnbull told reporters.
“Where we can compel it, we will, but we will need the cooperation from the tech companies,” he added.
The government expected resistance from some tech companies, many of them based in the United States. But the companies “know morally they should” cooperate,” Turnbull said.
“There is a culture, particularly in the United States, a very libertarian culture, which is quite anti-government in the tech sector,” Turnbull said.
“We need to say with one voice to Silicon Valley and its emulators: ‘All right, you’ve devised these great platforms, now you’ve got to help us to ensure that the rule of law prevails,'” he added.
Attorney-General George Brandis described the growth of encrypted communication applications such as WhatsApp,…