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Tag Archives: brain

Zika vaccine shows promise for treating deadly brain cancer

An international team of researchers has successfully deployed a Zika virus vaccine to target and kill human glioblastoma brain cancer stem cells, which had been transplanted into mice. In a study published this week in mBio®, an open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology, the team shows that a ... Read More »

Brain’s lymphatic vessels as new avenue to treat multiple sclerosis

Lymphatic vessels that clean the brain of harmful material play a crucial role in the development and progression of multiple sclerosis, new research from the University of Virginia School of Medicine suggests. The vessels appear to carry previously unknown messages from the brain to the immune system that ultimately trigger ... Read More »

Medical News Today: Eating fiber can delay brain aging

Fiber is a key element of a healthful diet. New research breaks down the mechanism by which it can delay age-related brain inflammation. Fiber can be found in fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, beans, pulses, and whole-grain foods. If all the studies that urge people to consume a diet rich in ... Read More »

Medical News Today: Brain cell identified as ‘mediator of disease’

Brain inflammation is a marker of multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer’s, and some psychiatric disorders. A new study finds a subtype of brain cell that is key in neuroinflammation, bringing us closer to new treatments for multiple central nervous system diseases. Astrocytes are named for their star-like shape. Image credit: GerryShaw Multiple ... Read More »

Enhanced 3-D imaging poised to advance treatments for brain diseases

Researchers have developed a combination of commercially available hardware and open-source software, named PySight, which improves rapid 2D and 3D imaging of the brain and other tissues. By seamlessly enabling integration of the fastest 3D imaging solution available today, the advance in microscopy could help scientists to better understand brain ... Read More »

Dietary fiber reduces brain inflammation during aging

As mammals age, immune cells in the brain known as microglia become chronically inflamed. In this state, they produce chemicals known to impair cognitive and motor function. That’s one explanation for why memory fades and other brain functions decline during old age. But, according to a new study from the ... Read More »

Malicious brain cell identified

Astrocytes — the star-shaped cells of our brain — are very busy. Their job description includes maintaining the blood-brain barrier, removing excess neurotransmitters, repairing brain tissue and more. Their important role in brain function suggests astrocytes are also involved in disease. Scientists are particularly interested in uncovering how they may ... Read More »

Blood and brain fluid change first in Huntington’s disease

A simple blood test can detect the earliest changes caused by Huntington’s disease, even before scans can pick up any signs in the brain, a new UCL-led study has found. The study, published today in Science Translational Medicine, builds on recent evidence by the same research team, which found that ... Read More »

Medical News Today: What makes aggressive brain cancer ‘immortal?’

A new study has discovered what makes glioblastoma cells so resilient and difficult to destroy. The finding may lead to more effective, targeted treatments in the future, the researchers argue. Researchers now know what makes glioblastoma cells so long-lived. Scientists from the University of California, San Francisco have recently investigated ... Read More »

Immune cells destroy healthy brain connections, diminish cognitive function in obese mice

Society for Neuroscience. “Immune cells destroy healthy brain connections, diminish cognitive function in obese mice: Obesity may drive microglia into a synapse-eating frenzy that leads to cognitive impairment.” ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 10 September 2018. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/09/180910142456.htm>. Society for Neuroscience. (2018, September 10). Immune cells destroy healthy brain connections, diminish cognitive function in ... Read More »