‘Stone age tools found at several sites between Bhilwara & Bundi’
Udaipur : Archeologists have found a large number of stone age tools ranging from 2 Lakh years to 5 thousand years at several sites in Bhilwara and Bundi districts in Rajasthan. In a recent survey, a large number of Late Acheulian, Middle Palaeolithic and microlithic tools were examined at various sites in Eastern Rajasthan by a team of Archaeologists from Sahitya Sansthan, Janardhan Rai Nagar Rajasthan Vidyapeeth, Udaipur together with historian Om Prakash Sharma from Bundi. The survey was supported by Vidyapeeth University which was carried out to understand chronology, distribution and nature of Stone Age settlements in this region since some of them had been noticed already. These sites were located to the east of Bagor, an area located on the bank of Kothari in Bhilwara, which was one of the earliest Mesolithic sites in Eastern Rajasthan that was discovered and excavated by famous pre-historian Prof. V.N. Misra in the early seventies of the last century. Bagor site had yielded earliest evidence of domestic dog with stone age community.
“ In our recent survey to the east and north east of Bhilwara we examined several stone age settlements between Bijolia and Bundi e.g., Haati Tol, Mundol, Banka, Guwar, and so on. On the left bank of a seasonal river Banganga near village Banka were discovered a large number of stone Age tools” Prof Jeevan Singh Kharakwal, the principle investigator told TOI. In the survey, three distinct stages of Stone Age culture were identified i.e., Late Acheulian and Transition (older than 60,000), Middle Palaeolithic (60 to 40,000 years) and Mesolithic (10,000 t0 4000 years). Most of them are late Acheulian and are made on large flakes, and tools types are identified as a variety of scrappers and points. In the assemblage a V shaped cleaver and a leaf shaped handaxe were of early Acheulian character whereas most of the scrapers, made on large flakes, appear to represent the transitional stage between the Late Acheulian and the Middle palaeolithic, which may be assigned a time bracket 200,000 to 60,000 years. “With the presence of Early Acheulian character it is likely that there are many early Acheulian sites in this region. Thus one may safely state that early man flourished for a very long time (for at least more than two hundred thousand years, if not more ) between Bijolia and Bundi” Kharakwal claims.
At Mundol near Bijolia were discovered several middle palaeolithic tools together with microliths. The Middle Palaeolithic tools are of course 60,000 to 40,000 years old. There are about half of dozen Mesolithic sites in this area. Except for the Acheulian site of Banganga, all others were discovered either on gentle slopes of the rocky out crop or on ridges composed of Vindhyan sand stone. All the microlithic sites have yielded variety of fluted or conical cores, flakes, blade lets, debitage (waste) and nodules of chert (raw material). Most of the blades appear to have taken out of the cores by chest pressure technique and the size of the blade might have been less than five centimeter. The nature and typology of cores, debitage and blade lets clearly indicate Mesolithic assemblage which can be dated 10,000 to 4000 years before present. Most of the microliths are made on brownish chert and quartz. The archeologists team also found a very large number of paintings on the walls of rock shelters in this region made by the stone age folks. The survey team included Dr.KulShekhar Vyas, Narayan Paliwal, Shoyeb Qureshi, Nikhil Srivastava, Mahendra Singh and Kalpesh from Vidyapeeth. The research samples are under study at Sahitya Sansthan and will be displayed in the museum soon.