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1000- year- old settlement unearthed at Chandravati

chandrawatiUdaipur : An archaeological excavation team has exposed the complete plan of settlement in one of the ancient forts at Chandravati in Sirohi district. The ancient settlement is held to belong to Parmars of Abu branch spread in about 50 hectares. The second season of excavation that commenced from January 12, spearheaded by Prof. J.S. Kharakwal of JRN Rajasthan Vidyapeeth, Udaipur would continue until the last week of February. The project is a joint venture of the Archaeological department and Rajasthan Vidyapeeth University, Udaipur.

chandrawati1 Intensive exploration unit of the research team has spotted craft area of the township along the Sevarni, the southern fringe of the settlement. It is likely that out of three dozen temples a few may particularly belong to craft folks. The exploration unit has also discovered a few watch towers located to the east and south east of the settlement. Line drawing of the temples, craft area, and other complexes is also underway.  Members of excavation team are Vineet Godhal, K.P. Singh, Narayan Paliwal, Rohit Menaria, Rajnikant, Joginder Singh, Baishakhi and Prakash.

chandrawati2As many as three fortified enclosures have been discovered so far. “ The largest fortified area, spread in about four hectares, is located in the valley of Banas whereas remaining two forts, about three dozen temples, around a dozen bawaris, besides a very large settlement are located in the valley of Sevarni, a tributary of the Banas. Unfortunately, a major part of the ancient city was destroyed while the Abu Road –Palanpur highway was made” informed Prof Kharakwal. It has in fact divided the ancient township in two parts. One of the fortified areas located very close to museum building at Chandravati was partially exposed in the first field season last year. Now the team has discovered three residential complexes in the fort. One of them located in the south eastern corner with six rooms is believed to be janana mahal. The second complex discovered in the north eastern part also has equal number of rooms but no passage from this complex to janana mahal. The entrance to the fort was given from north western corner. In the south central part of the fort was discovered the third residential complex with a few rooms and a very large hall opening towards janana mahal. In fact janana mahal was completely bracketed by third complex, clearly suggesting that no outsider was allowed to enter in it.  Though no outlets for water have been discovered so far but the excavator suggests that the general slope of the land in the fort area is towards north, therefore it is quite likely that the waste water was being sent outside the settlement through the main gate. A variety of minor objects like gamesman, terracotta beads, copper and iron objects, animal figurines were discovered from these complexes. Besides, a large quantity of charred grains were also discovered in one of the rooms close to a circular terracotta feature which looked like gatti (grinding instrument).

The investigating team strongly believes that the beginning of settlement at Chandravati would much earlier than what is believed. It is because the township of Parmar kings is superimposed on a very large ancient settlement, which is partially exposed close to the fort.  A huge storage jar has been discovered in one of rooms, it was strongly protected in a chamber and blank space was filled with sand. Charcoal samples for radio carbon dates and phytolith samples have been sent to concerned laboratories to confirm the absolute dates.

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